Newborn blood samples are taken from the umbilical cord, and various laboratory tests are performed to identify the jaundice level for newborn quickly. The jaundice level for newborn is defined as the maximum level of bilirubin in the blood stream obtained from a single venous blood sample taken from the umbilical cord. The device also includes three main components: RGB colorimeter, microprocessor, and LCD screen. The colorimeter helps in determining the levels of bilirubin in the blood, which is stored in the red blood cells. There are different types of colorimeters, and the one used for newborn will depend on the general health condition of the baby at the time when the test is done. Generally, all the three types of colorimeters have built-in batteries, which can be recharged by simply plugging the device into an outlet.
The microprocessor of the jaundice level for newborn uses different methods to check if the baby is suffering from jaundice. In general, the baby’s weight, skin, and hair are checked before the machine finds any abnormalities. If the results show that the baby is indeed suffering from jaundice, then the device will start to function. The RGB color sensor is placed in a box which has a special camera for vision. As the camera can only see in a black and white mode, this mode is the ideal one for the device to function properly.
The baby is placed on a tray that is filled with distilled water. The first thing that the newborn parents will see when they open the box are the colorful lights indicating the presence of the RGB color sensor. After taking the sample of the newborn’s blood, the doctors will compare the results of the test with the results obtained from the bilirubin jaundice so-called device. The difference will be significant and the device will be marked as working or not working.